Perilaku Cyberbullying pada Remaja Ditinjau Dari Empati dan Regulasi Emosi

  • Salsabila Aini Universitas Gunadarma
  • Wahyu Rahardjo


The development of information technology, especially the internet, has many positive impacts, but of the many positive impacts, there are several negative impacts, one of which is cyberbullying. Teenagers are the most active social media users in Indonesia and are prone to cyberbullying behavior. There are several factors that cause adolescents to commit cyberbullying, including empathy and the ability to regulate emotions. This study aims to look at the influence of empathy and emotion regulation on adolescent cyberbullying behavior. The subjects in this study amounted to 137 adolescents with characteristics aged 18-25 years, actively using social media, having committed acts of cyberbullying in the last 6 months (such as writing comments using harsh and angry words to others, uploading photos or videos of other people's disgrace (embarrassing) without permission, ostracizing someone in online group activities, and the like). Data collection was carried out by distributing questionnaires via google form. The data analysis technique uses multiple regression. The results revealed that there was an effect of empathy and emotion regulation together on cyberbullying behavior by 7.2% with a sig. value 0,007. Separately, empathy has a negative influence of 27% with a sig. value 0.002 on cyberbullying behavior while emotional regulation has no effect on cyberbullying behavior with a sig. value 0.526. Therefore, it is important to conduct empathy training so that adolescents can increase their empathy to prevent cyberbullying.


Download data is not yet available.


Alavi, N., Roberts, N., Sutton, C., Axas, N., & Repetti, L. (2015). Bullying Victimization (Being Bullied) Among Adolescents Referred for Urgent Psychiatric Consultation: Prevalence and Association With Suicidality. Canadian journal of psychiatry. Revue canadienne de psychiatrie, 60(10), 427–431.
Ambarita, S. (2017). Berkembangnya media sosial di zaman sekarang. Diakses pada 1 November 2019 dari –media-sosial-di-jaman-sekarang?page=all.
Arianti, R. (2018). Pengaruh konformitas dan regulasi emosi terhadap perilaku cyberbullying. Psikoborneo, Volume 6, No.4, 505-512.
Azwar, S. (2015). Penyusunan skala psikologi edisi 2. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Belajar.

Azwar, S. (2016). Metode penelitian. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Baroncelli, A., & Ciucci, E. (2014). Unique effects of different components of trait emotional intelligence in traditional bullying and cyberbullying. Journal of adolescence, 37(6), 807–815.
Baron-Cohen, S., & Wheelwright, S. (2004). The empathy quotient: An investigation of adults with asperger syndrome or high functioning autism, and normal sex differences. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 34, 163-175.
Blanchard-Fields, F., Stein, R., & Watson, T. L. (2004). Age differences in emotion-regulation strategies in handling everyday problems. The journals of gerontology. Series B, Psychological sciences and social sciences, 59(6), P261–P269.
Brewer, G., dan Kerslake, J. (2015). Cyberbullying, self-esteem, empathy and loneliness. Computer in Human Behavior, 48, 255-260.
Brunty, J., dan Henelek, K. (2013). Social media investigation for law enforcement. New York: Routledge.
Cowie, H., dan Jennifer, D. (2008). New perspectives on bullying. New York: Open University Press.
Davis, M. H. (1980). A multidimensional approach to individual differences in empathy. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 10, 85.
Den Hamer, A.H. dan Konijn, E.A. (2016). Can emotion regulation serve as a tool in combating cyberbullying?. Personality and Individual Differences, 11(102), pp. 1-6. doi:10.1016/j.paid.2016.06.033.
Gianesini, G. and Brighi, A. (2015), Cyberbullying in the era of digital relationships: the unique role of resilience and emotion regulation on adolescents’ adjustment. Technology and Youth: Growing Up in a Digital World (Sociological Studies of Children and Youth, Vol. 19), Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 1-46.
Gross, J. J., & John, O. P. (2003). Individual differences in two emotion regulation processes: Implications for affect, relationships, and well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85(2), 348–362.
Gross, J. J., & Thompson, R. A. (2007). Emotion Regulation Conceptual. Handbook of Emotion Regulation. Edited By James J. Gross. New York: Guilfors Publication.
Intishar, A, R., dan Nugrahawati, E, N. (2023). Pengaruh regulasi emosi terhadap perilaku cyberbullying pada pengguna media sosial. Bandung Conference Series: Psychology Science, vol. 3 (1).
Kowalski, R. M., Morgan, C. A., & Limber, S. P. (2012). Traditional bullying as a potential warning sign of cyberbullying. School Psychology International, 33(5), 505– 519. 244.
Lee, J., Abell, N., dan Holmes, J. L. (2017). Validation of measures of cyberbullying perpetration and victimization in emerging adulthood. Research on Social Work Practice, 27(4), 456–467.
Marsinun, R., dan Riswanto, D. (2020). Perilaku cyberbullying remaja di media sosial. Jurnal Magister Psikologi UMA, 12(2): 98-111. doi:
Mawardah, M., & Adiyanti, M. G. (2014). Regulasi emosi dan kelompok teman sebaya pelaku cyberbullying. Jurnal Psikologi, 41(1), 60–73.
Morris, A. S. et al. (2007). The role of the family context in the development of emotion regulation. Social Development, 16, 361-388.
Muralidharan, S., & La Ferle, C. (2018). Religious symbolism in the digital realm: A social advertising approach to motivate bystanders to aid victims of cyberbullying. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 42(6), 804–812.
Nasywa, N., Tentama, F., dan Mujidin. (2021). What makes the cyberbullying model among vocational high school students. Jurnal Cakrawala Pendidikan, Volume 40, No.2. doi:10.21831/cp.v40i2.34549.
Nixon, C. L. (2014). Current perspectives: The impact of cyberbullying on adolescent health. Adolescent Health, Medicine and Therapeutics, 5, 143–158.
Nusantara, B, A., Sugiharto, D, Y, P., dan Mulawarman. (2020). The effects of empathy on cyberbullying mediated by moral disengagement. Jurnal Bimbingan Konseling, Volume 9 (2), 116-122. doi: 10.15294/jubk.v9i2.37473.
Quarshie, O. H. (2009). The impact of computer technology on the development of children in Ghana. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 3(5), 132–140.
Rahayu, F. S. (2012). Cyberbullying sebagai dampak penggunaan teknologi informasi. Journal of Information Systems, 8(1). e/view/321.
Ratri, A., & Andangsari, E. (2018). The role of empathy in predicting cyberbullying behaviour in youth social media users in jakarta. 391-398. 10.5220/0010008603910398.
Rifauddin, M. (2016). Fenomena cyberbullying pada remaja. Khizanah Al-Hikmah : Jurnal Ilmu Perpustakaan, Informasi, Dan Kearsipan, 4(1), 35-44.
Riyanto, A, D. (2023). Hootsuite (we are social): Indonesian digital report 2023. Diakses pada tanggal 10 Agustus dari
Safaria, T., Tentama F., Suyono, H. (2016). Cyberbully, cybervictim, and forgivenes among Indonesian high school students. The Turkish Online Journal of Educational Technology. 15 (3).
Schultze-Krumbholz, A., & Scheithauer, H. (2013). Is cyberbullying related to lack of empathy and social-emotional problems? International Journal of Developmental Science, 7(3-4), 161–166.
Sitasari N, W., Andoko, M S., dan Roespinoedji, D. (2021). The relationship between emotion regulation and cyber bullying behavior among internet users. Review of International Geographical Education (RIGEO), 11(6), 1567-1576. Doi: 10.48047/rigeo.11.06.171.
Steffgen, G., König, A., Pfetsch, J., & Melzer, A. (2011). Are cyberbullies less empathic? Adolescents’ cyberbullying behavior and empathic responsiveness. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 14(11), 643–648.
Sticca, F., & Perren, S. (2012). Is cyberbullying worse than traditional bullying? examining the differential roles of medium, publicity, and anonimity for the perceived severity of bullying. Journal of Youth Adolescence. doi:10.1007/s10964-012-9867-3.
Topcu, Ç., & Erdur-Baker, Ö. (2012). Affective and cognitive empathy as mediators of gender differences in cyber and traditional bullying. School Psychology International, 33(5), 550–561.
Van Geel, M., Vedder, P., & Tanilon, J. (2014). Relationship between peer victimization, cyberbullying, and suicide in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis. JAMA pediatrics, 168(5), 435–442.
Wigati, M., Diponegoro, A, M., dan Bashori, K. (2020). Roles of empathy, emotion regulation and school climate against cyberbullying in high school in merangin, Jambi. American Research Journal of Humanities & Social Science, Volume 3, Issue-08, pp 72-79. E-ISSN: 2378-702X.
Willard, N. (2005). Cyberbullying and cyberthreats. Washington: U.S. Department of Education.
Witjaksono, A.A., Hanika, M.I., & Pratiwi, S.I. (2021). Fenomena cyberbullying pada mahasiswa DKI Jakarta. IMPRESI, 2(1), 15-30.
Yuliawati, R., dan Adiyanti, G. (2018). Cyberbullying in relation to empathy and friendship quality. International Journal of Cyber Behavior, Psychology and Learning, Volume 8, Issue 4, 26-41. DOI: 10.4018/IJCBPL.2018100102.
How to Cite
AINI, Salsabila; RAHARDJO, Wahyu. Perilaku Cyberbullying pada Remaja Ditinjau Dari Empati dan Regulasi Emosi. Jurnal Ilmu Perilaku, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 2, p. 121-139, feb. 2024. ISSN 2581-0421. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2024. doi:

Most read articles by the same author(s)