Developing Communication Book for Schizophrenia in Aceh: Prospects and Challenges

  • Maya Khairani Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Rizanna Rosemary Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Risana Rachmatan Universitas Syiah Kuala
  • Lely Safrina Universitas Syiah Kuala

Abstract




he lack of media information about Schizophrenia in Aceh explains caregivers’ limited understanding of mental disorders. Research on patient discharge systems found that communication media about Schizophrenia were still limited, mostly in the form of posters, flyers, or booklets. There was no specific information about the mental illness needed by the family or caregivers after the patient's discharged from the hospital. This study aims to develop and test a communication medium that can support the recovery process of post-discharge patients from the Mental Health Hospital or Rumah Sakit Jiwa (RSJ) in Aceh. This action research was carried out through focus group discussions (FGDs), interviews, and surveys to health practitioners (mental health nurses, psychiatrists, psychologists, community leaders) and family or caregivers of Patients with Schizophrenia (PWS). The study found that messages about Schizophrenia which are developed through a community-based approach are likely to be better accepted than the expert-led information.




Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Balaji, M., Chatterjee, S., Koschorke, M., Rangaswamy, T., Chavan, A., Dabholkar, H., ... & Patel, V. (2012). The development of a lay health worker delivered collaborative community-based intervention for people with schizophrenia in India. BMC health services research, 12(1), 42.
Chatterjee, S., Patel, V., Chatterjee, A., & Weiss, H. A. (2003). Evaluation of a community-based rehabilitation model for chronic schizophrenia in rural India. The British Journal of Psychiatry, 182(1), 57-62.
Darmastuti, R., Edi, S. W. M., & Christianto, E. (2018). Model Literasi Media Untuk Anak-Anak Sekolah Dasar Dengan Menggunakan Multimedia Interaktif Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Salatiga. Jurnal ASPIKOM, 3(4), 635-649.
Darmastuti, R., Bajari, A., Martodirdjo, H. S., & Maryani, E. (2016). Gethok Tular, Pola Komunikasi Gerakan Sosial Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Masyarakat Samin di Sukolilo. Jurnal Aspikom, 3(1), 104-118.
Irmansyah, I., Prasetyo, Y. A., & Minas, H. (2009). Human rights of persons with mental illness in Indonesia: more than legislation is needed. International journal of mental health systems, 3(1), 14.
Good, B. J., Marchira, C. R., Subandi, M. A., Mediola, F., Tyas, T. H., & Good, M. J. D. (2019). Early psychosis in Indonesia: reflections on illness and treatment. International Review of Psychiatry, 31(5-6), 510-522.
Hastuti, T. Setyowati, H. N., & Rosemary, R. (2020). Rumah Gizi ‘Aisyiyah: Komunikasi Kesehatan dengan Pendekatan Agama-Budaya. Jurnal Komunikasi Global, 9(1), 141-161.
Kemenkes, R. I. (2018). Hasil Utama Riset Kesehatan Dasar Tahun 2018. Kementrian Kesehatan Republik Indonesia, 1-100.
Lewis, B., & Lewis, J. (2014). Health communication: a media and cultural studies approach. Macmillan International Higher Education.
Mawarpury, M., Sulistyani, A., Karjuniwati., Sari, H., Rachmalia, Direzkia, Y., & Pamungkas, S. R. (2014). Discharging mental health patients in Aceh: A preliminary study. Anima Indonesian Psychological Journal, 29, 95-102.
Muhlisin, A., & Pratiwi, A. (2017). Community-based participatory research to improve primary mental health services. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, 5(6), 2524-2528.
Nurbaya, N., & Caninsti, R. (2014). Pengaruh promosi kesehatan fear arousing warning terhadap intensi mengonsumsi fried chicken pada siswa SD usia 9-11 tahun. Jurnal Psikogenesis, 2, 152-166.
Puspitosari, W. A., Wardaningsih, S., & Nanwani, S. (2019). Improving the quality of life of people with schizophrenia through community-based rehabilitation in Yogyakarta Province, Indonesia: A quasi experimental study. Asian journal of psychiatry, 42, 67-73.
Rachmatan, R., Khairani, M., Yulandari, N., Aprilia, E. D., & Rosemary, R. (2015). Identifikasi program promosi kesehatan jiwa masyarakat Aceh Besar. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Kesehatan Mental dari Perspektif Kultural.
Rahmadiana, M. (2013). Program promosi kesehatan bagi anak-anak. Jurnal Psikogenesis, 1, 116-129.
Rosemary, R. (2020). Mengulik Lemahnya Komunikasi Kesehatan Pencegahan Covid-19: Studi Kasus di Provinsi Aceh. Working Paper.
Sarafino, E. P. (1998). Health Psychology: Biopsychosocial Interactions (3rd edition). John Wiley & Sons.
Sebayang, SK, Mawarpury, M, Rosemary, R. 260 million people and less than 1000 psychiatrists, Indonesia’s mental health worker shortage. The Conversation. [accessed on 2 January 2020]. https://theconversation.com/260-million-people-and-less-than-1000-psychiatrists-indonesias-mental-health-worker-shortage-104927
Suryani, L. K., Lesmana, C. B. J., & Tiliopoulos, N. (2011). Treating the untreated: applying a community-based, culturally sensitive psychiatric intervention to confined and physically restrained mentally ill individuals in Bali, Indonesia. European archives of psychiatry and clinical neuroscience, 261(2), 140.
Susanti, H., James, K., Utomo, B., Keliat, B. A., Lovell, K., Irmansyah, I., … & Brooks, H. (2020). Exploring the potential use of patient and public involvement to strengthen Indonesian mental health care for people with psychosis: a qualitative exploration of the views of service users and carers. Health Expectations, 23(2), 377-387.
Published
2021-07-31
How to Cite
KHAIRANI, Maya et al. Developing Communication Book for Schizophrenia in Aceh: Prospects and Challenges. Jurnal Ilmu Perilaku, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 1, p. 76-91, july 2021. ISSN 2581-0421. Available at: <http://jip.fk.unand.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/313>. Date accessed: 22 oct. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.25077/jip.5.1.76-91.2021.