Manajemen Stres Berbasis Teknik HeartMath untuk Mengurangi Stres dan Mengelola Emosi pada Caregiver Pasien Penyakit Kronis

  • Tiara Diah Sosialita Universitas Airlangga
  • Hamidah Hamidah


Abstract. This study was the continuance of the prior research of psychological intervention of patiens with type 2 diabetes mellitus. In this study, intervention was given to caregivers who caring of their family members in chronic illness. This consideration was chosen based on many feedbacks from community and health care personnels. This research was conducted as a solution to help caregivers of chronic illness deal with their stressful situation. Caregivers are required to care their family members optimally eventhough they are also vulnerable to stress. Based on this condition, the purpose of this research is to test the effectiveness of stress management to reduce stress level in 20 caregivers used experimental design, one group pretest-posttest design. Data collection used Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) questionnaire by Cohen. Data analysis used paired sample t-test with SPSS 20 showed that there was a significant difference of stress level between before and after stress management intervention. The result revealed that stress management is effective for reducing stress in caregivers.

Keywords: Caregiver; chronic illness; stress management


Download data is not yet available.


Cox, D.J., & Gonder-Frederick, L. (2012). Major developments in behavioral diabetes research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 60, 628–638.
Depkes. (2019). Diabetes mellitus dapat dicegah. Diakses pada tanggal 11 Desember 2019 dari
Duggleby, W., Holtslander, L., Kylma, J., Hammond, C., & Williams, A. (2010). Metasynthesis of the hope experience of family caregivers of persons with chronic illness. Qualitative Health Research, 20, 148–158.
Foundation, B. F. (2015). Managing stress: Care for the caregiver. Clarksburg: Bright Focus Foundation.
Greenberg, J.S. (2011). Comprehensive stress management 12th edition. New York: McGraw-Hll Inc.
Greenberg, M. (2017). The stress-proof: Master your emotional response to stress using mindfulness & neuroplasticity. Oakland: New Harbinger Publications, Inc.
HearthMath. (2017). Family caregiver’s guide to coping with stress. Washington, DC: HearthMath, LLC.
Li, J., Riedel, N., Barrech, A., Herr, R. M., Aust, B., Mörtl, K., Siegrist, J., Gündel, H., & Angerer, P. (2017). Long-term effectiveness of a stress management intervention at work: A 9-year follow-up study based on a randomized wait-list controlled trial in male managers. BioMed Research International, 1, 24–35,
Lupien, S. (2012). Well stressed: Manage stress before it turns toxic. Ontario: John Wiley & Sons Ccanada, Ltd.
Mada, S., & Pakenham, K. I. (2014). The stress-buffering effects of hope on adjustment to multiple sclerosis. Journal of Behavioral & Medical, 21, 877–890.
Martin, G. G. (2012). Stress management for social workers. UK: My Work Place Wellbeing.
Newby, K., Bayley, J., & Wallace, L. M. (2011). Coping with chronic illness for caregiver. Journal of Health Promotion Practice, 12, 209–228.
Oladinrin, T.O., Adeniyi, O., & Udi, M.O. (2014). Analysis of stress management among professionals in the Nigerian construction industry. International Journal of Multidisciplinary and Curent Research, 1, 22-33.
Pattison, N.A., & Lee, C. (2011). Hope against hope in cancer at the end of life. Journal of Religious Health, 50, 731–742.
Sosialita, T.D. (2019). Hope-based intervention untuk menurunkan stres serta meningkatkan harapan dan subjective well-being pada penderita diabetes mellitus tipe 2. Psikoislamika, 12(1), 55–63.
Sosialita, T.D. (2020). Online Counseling to Improve Mental Health among Midwives. Proyeksi: Jurnal Psikologi, 14(2), 94–103.
Vieth, A.Z., Hagglund, K.J., Clay, D.L., Frank, R.G., Thayer J.F., Johnson, J.C., & Goldstein, D. E. (2012). The contribution of hope and affectivity to diabetes-related disability. An exploratory studi. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Setting, 4, 65–77.
WHO. (2020, Januari). Chronic illness task force. Diakses pada tanggal 08 Februari 2020 dari http://www.who.Int/mediacentre/factsheets/Fs311/en/.
WHO. (2020, Januari). Diabetes mellitus. Diakses pada tanggal 08 Februari 2020 dari
How to Cite
SOSIALITA, Tiara Diah; HAMIDAH, Hamidah. Manajemen Stres Berbasis Teknik HeartMath untuk Mengurangi Stres dan Mengelola Emosi pada Caregiver Pasien Penyakit Kronis. Jurnal Ilmu Perilaku, [S.l.], v. 4, n. 2, p. 154-169, jan. 2021. ISSN 2581-0421. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 may 2022. doi: