Peran Kualitas Kelekatan Anak dengan Orangtua pada Keterampilan Sosial Remaja

  • Adijanti Marheni
  • I Rustika Made Program Studi Psikologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Udayana
  • Luh Kadek Pande Ary Susilawati


This research aimed to examine correlation between child-parent attachement and social skills in adolescent. Social skill is one of important parts in adolescent development, because adolescents are trying to build relationship beyond the family. One of the factors affecting social skills development among adolescent is the quality of attachment between child and parent. Hypothesis in this research stated that there is a correlation between child-parent attachment and adolescent’s social skills. Participants in this research were 164 high school students in Denpasar. Instruments used in this research were Social Skills Scale (α = 0,831) and Indonesian translated version of Inventory of Parent and Peer Attachment (α = 0,941). The Result of this study showed positive correlation between the quality of child-parent attachment and adolescent’s social skills (r=0,323, p<0,05). This result reflected the significant effort to improve the quality of attachment between child and parents in adolescence, with the result that adolescent will build good social skills. 


Download data is not yet available.


Babakhani, N. (2011). The effects of social skills training on self-esteem and aggression male adolescents. Procedia Social and Behavioral Science 30, 1565-1570.

Bandy, T., & Moore, K.A. (2011). What works for promoting and enhancing positive social skills: Lessons from experimental evaluations of programs and interventions. Trends: Child Fact Sheet.

Beidel, D.C., Alfano, C.A., Kofler, M.J., Rao, P.A., Scharfstein, L., & Sarver, N.W. (2014). The impact of social skills training for social anxiety disorder: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Anxiety Disorder, 28, 908-918.

Bowlby, J. (1969). Attachment and loss, Vol I: Attachment. New York: Basic Books.

Carr, S. (2009). Adolescent-parent attachment characteristics and quality of sport youth friendship. Psychology of Sport and Exercise 10, 653-661, doi: doi:10.1016/j.psychsport.2009.04.001

Cavendish, W., Nielsen, A.L., & Montague, M. (2012). Parent attachment, school commitment, and problem behavior trajectories of diverse adolescents. Journal of Adolescence 35, 1629-1639, diunduh dari:

Chow, C.M., Hart, E., Ellis, L., & Tan, C.C. (2017). Interdependence of attachment styles and relationship quality in parent-adolescent dyads. Journal of Adolescences 61, 77-86, diunduh dari:

Cobb, N.J. (2007). Adolescence continuity, change, and diversity (6th ed.). Boston: McGraw-Hill.

Colin, V.L. (1996). Human attachment. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Cyr, C., & Alink, L.R.A. (2017). Child maltreatment: The central roles of parenting capacities and attachment. Current Opinion in Psychology 2017, 15, 81-86, diunduh dari:

Dereli, E., & Karakus, O. (2011). An examination of attachment styles and social skills of university students. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology 9(2), 731-744.

Elksnin, L.K., & Elksnin, N. (1997). Issue in the assessment of children’s social skills. Diagnostique 22(2), 75-86, diunduh dari

Flaherty, S.C., & Sadler, L.S. (2010). A review of attachment theory in context of adolescent parenting. Article by National Association of Pediatric Nurse Practitioners .

Gillath, O., Karantzas, G.C., & Lee, J. (2018). Attachment and social networks. Current Opinion in Psychology 2018, 25, 21-25, diunduh dari:

Hair, E.C., Jager, J., & Garret, S. (2002). Helping teens develop health social skills and relationships: What the research shows about navigating adolescence. Trends Child Research. Diunduh dari pada 30 Januari 2015.

He, J., Chen, X., Fan, X., Cai, Z., & Hao, S. (2018). Profiles of parent and peer attachment of adolescents and associations with psychological outcomes. Children and Youth Service Review 94, 163-172, doi:

Husni, M.A., & Purwaningsih, I.E. (2013). Identitias diri ditinjau dari kelekatan remaja pada orang tua di SMKN 4 Yogyakarta. Jurnal SPIRITS 3 (2), 1-92.

Natalia, C. (2014). Hubungan antara kelekatan aman pada orangtua dengan kematangan emosi remaja akhir di Denpasar (Skripsi tidak dipublikasikan). Universitas Udayana, Denpasar.

Nikooyeh, E., Zarani, F., F& athabadi, J. (2017). The mediating role of social skills and sensation seeking in the relationship between trait emotional intelligence and school adjustment in adolescents. Journal of Adolescence 59, 45-50, diunduh dari:

Octama, R., Hasyim, A., & Adha, M.M. (2013). Pengaruh ekstrakurikuler palang merah remaja (PMR) terhadap sikap sosial siswa SMA. Jurnal Kultur Demokrasi, 1 (6), 2-14.

Oldmeadow, J.A., Quinn, S., & Kowert, R. (2013). Attachment style, social skills, and Facebook use amongst adults. Computers in Human Behavior 29, 1142-1149, diunduh dari:

Patrick, N.J. (2008). A practical guide to day-to-day life: Social skills for teenagers and adults with asperger syndrome. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Peraturan Menteri Nomor 81 tahun 2013 tentang Pendirian Satuan Pendidikan Non Formal. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Praptomojati, A. (2017). Dinamika psikologis remaja korban perceraian: Sebuah studi kasus kenakalan remaja. Jurnal Ilmu Perilaku 2 (1), 1-14, diunduh dari

Rice, F.P. & Dolgin, K.G. (2002). The Adolescent: Development, Relationships, and Culture (10th ed.). Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Salavera, C., Usan, P., & Jarie, L. (2017). Emotional intelligence and social skills on self-efficacy in secondary education students. Are there gender differences? Journal of Adolescences 60, 39-46, diunduh dari:

Santrock, J.W. (2011). Life-Span Development (13th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.
Spence, S.H. (2003). Social skills training with children and young people: theory, evidence, and practice. Child and Adolescent Mental Health 8, 84-96.

Stravynski, A., Kyparissis, A., & Amado, D. (2014). Chapter 8 – Social phobia as deficit in social skills. Book review: 3rd edition of social anxiety pages 189-225.

Su, S., Pettit, G.S., & Erath, S.A. (2016). Peer relations, parental social coaching, and young adolescent social anxiety. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 42, 89-97, diunduh dari:

Sugarman, L. (2005). Life-span development frameworks, accounts, and strategies (2nd ed.). New York: Psychology Press: Taylor & Francis Group.

Verawati, I. (2011). Popularitas pada remaja ditinjau dari konsep diri dan keterampilan sosial (Tesis tidak dipublikasikan). Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta.

Vugt, E.S.V., Dekovic, M., Prinzie, P., Stams, G.J.J.M., & Asscher, J.J. (2013). Evaluation of a groub-based social skills training for children with problem behavior. Children and Youth Service Review 35, 162-167.
How to Cite
MARHENI, Adijanti; MADE, I Rustika; SUSILAWATI, Luh Kadek Pande Ary. Peran Kualitas Kelekatan Anak dengan Orangtua pada Keterampilan Sosial Remaja. Jurnal Ilmu Perilaku, [S.l.], v. 2, n. 2, p. 118-130, jan. 2019. ISSN 2581-0421. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 16 jan. 2019. doi: