Pengaruh Psikoedukasi terhadap Pengetahuan dan Beban Caregiver Skizofrenia
The research aim to see does psychoeducation given to caregivers will affect knowledge and caregiver’s burden. The research approach is quasi-experimental with a nonrandomized pretest- posttest control group design. The research participants were 17 people (9 in the experimental & 8 in the control). The given of psychoeducation carried out in experimental group, while control group in the form of sharing sessions. Both groups given pretest & posttest. Caregiver knowledge measured using Schizophrenia Knowledge Scale, while caregiver burden measured using Zarith Burden Interview (ZBI). Data obtained were processed using Mann-Whitney U test to know the level of treatment effect using the effect size. The results showed difference in the increase of knowledge about schizophrenia and also a decrease in the burden felt by the schizophrenia’s caregiver between the experimental & the control groups. Thus, the results of the research indicate the given of psychoeducation is proven to increase the caregiver's knowledge, and to reduce the burden felt by schizophrenia's caregiver. Based on the calculation result on the effect size obtained a value of 0.49 for the knowledge and 0.69 for the burden.
Keywords: burden, caregiver, knowledge, psychoeducation, schizophrenia
Davidson, Gerald C., Neale, Jhon M., & Kring, Ann M. (2012). Psikologi abnormal. (Ed. 9). Jakarta: Raja Grafindo Persada.
Darwin, P., Hadisukanto, G., & Elvira, S. D. (2013). Beban perawatan dan ekspresi emosi pada pramurawat pasien skizofrenia. Jurnal Indon Med Assoc, 63 (2), 46-51.
Field, Andy. (2013). Discovering statistics using IBM SPSS Statistics. Thousand Oaks, California: SAGE Publications Inc.
Geriani, D., Savithry, K. S. B., Shivakumar, S., & Kanchan, T. (2015). Burden of care on caregivers of schizophrenia patients: A correlation to personality and coping. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research, 9 (3), 1-4.
Hemavathy, V. & Rengila, S. (2015). Effectiveness of psychoeducation programme on knowledge of schizophrenia among caregivers of the patients with schizophrenia, admitted in Selected Hospital Chennai. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5 (4), 435-436.
Herminsih, A. R., Barlianto, W., & Kapti, R. E. (2017). Pengaruh terapi family psychoeducation (FPE) terhadap kecemasan dan beban keluarga dalam merawat anggota keluarga dengan skizofrenia di Kecamatan Bola Kabupaten Sikka, Nusa Tenggara Timur. J. K. Mesencephalon, 3 (2), 80-90.
Kadarman, Agung. (2012). Gambaran beban caregiver penderita skizofrenia di poliklini rawat jalan RSJ Amino Gondohutomo Semarang. Medica Hospitalia, 1(2), 118-122.
Khoshknabl, F. M., Sheikhona, M., Rahgouy, A., Rahgozar, M., & Sodagari, F. (2014). The effects of group psychoeducational programme on family burden in caregivers of Iranian patients with schizophrenia. Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing, 21 (5), 438-446.
Liza, R. G., Loebis, B., & Camellia, V. (2019). Efektivitas intervensi psikoedukasi keluarga terhadap kekambuhan pasien skizofrenia. Majalah Kedokteran Andalas, 42 (3), 128-136.
Nainggolan, N. J. & Hidajat, L. L. (2013). Profil kepribadian dan psychological well-being caregiver skizofenia. Jurnal Soul, 6 (1), 21-42.
Naire, J. S. (2003). Psychology the adaptive mind. Amerika Serikat: Thomson Wadsworth.
Nevid, J. S., Rathus, S. A., & Greene, B. (2003). Psikologi abnormal. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Oshodi, YO., Adeyemi, JD., Aina, OF., Suleiman, TF., Erinfolami, AR., & Umeh, C. (2012). Burden and psychological effects : Caregiver experiences in a Psychiatric Outpatient Unit in Lagos, Nigeria. African Journal of Psychiatry, 15, 99-105.
Paranthaman, V., Santnam, K., Lim, J.L., Singh, A., Sararaks, S., Nafiza, M.N., Ranjit, K., & Asmah, Z.A. (2010). Effective implementation of a structured psychoeducation programme among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia in the community. Asian Journal of Psychiatry, 3, 206-212.
Rajathi, A., & Gandhimathi, M. (2015). A study to evaluate the effectiveness of psychoeducation on family burden among family members of schizophrenic patients. International Journal of advanced nursing science and practice, 21 (1), 49-54.
Riset Kesehatan Dasar (Riskesdas). (2013). Jakarta: Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI.
Seniati, L., Yulianto, A., & Setiadi, B. N. (2014). Psikologi eksperimen. Jakarta: Indeks.
Stein, C.H & Wemmerus, V.A. (2001). Searching for a normal life: personal accounts of adults with schizophrenia, their parents and well-siblings. American Journal of Community Psychology, 29(5), 725-746.
Sharif, F., Shaygan, M., & Mani, A. (2012). Effect of a psycho-educational intervention for family members on caregiver burdens and psychiatric symptoms in patients with schizophrenia in Shiraz, Iran. BMC Psychiatry, 12 (48), 1-9.
Tanrıverdi, D., & Ekinci, M. (2012). The effect psychoeducation intervention has on the caregiving burden of caregivers for schizophrenic patients in Turkey. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 18 (3), 281–288.
Urízar, A. C., Maldonado, J. G., & Castillo, C. M. (2009). Quality of life in caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: A literature review. Biomed Central Health Qual Life Outcomes, 7(84), 1-5.
Urízar, A. C., Maldonado, J. G., & Faundez, C. P. (2011). Caregivers of patients with schizophrenia: How much they know and learn after a psychoeducational intervention? Procedia - Social and Behavioral Science, 30, 2468 – 2476.
Walsh, Joseph. (2010). Psycheducation In Mental Health. Chicago: Lyceum Books, Inc.
World Health Organization. (2015, September). Schizophrenia. Media Centre of WHO.
World Health Organization. (2018, April). Schizophrenia. Diakses dari https://www.who.int/news-room/fact-sheets/detail/schizophrenia
The non-commercial use of the article is governed by the Creative Commons Attribution license as currently displayed on Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
JIP's spirit is to disseminate articles published are as free as possible. Under the Creative Commons license, JIP permits users to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work for non-commercial purposes only. Users will also need to attribute authors and JIP on distributing works in the journal.
Please find the rights and licenses in Jurnal Ilmu Perilaku (JIP).
The non-commercial use of the article will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution license as currently displayed on Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
- Author’s Warranties
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).
- User Rights
- Rights of Authors
Authors retain the following rights:
- Copyright, and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
- The right to use the substance of the article in future own works, including lectures and books,
- The right to reproduce the article for own purposes, provided the copies are not offered for sale,
- The right to self-archive the article.
If the article was jointly prepared by other authors, the signatory of this form warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to sign this agreement on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this agreement.
This agreement can be terminated by the author or JIP upon two months’ notice where the other party has materially breached this agreement and failed to remedy such breach within a month of being given the terminating party’s notice requesting such breach to be remedied. No breach or violation of this agreement will cause this agreement or any license granted in it to terminate automatically or affect the definition of JIP.
This agreement entitles the author to no royalties or other fees. To such extent as legally permissible, the author waives his or her right to collect royalties relative to the article in respect of any use of the article by JIP or its sublicensee.
JIP will publish the article (or have it published) in the journal if the article’s editorial process is successfully completed and JIP or its sublicensee has become obligated to have the article published. JIP may conform the article to a style of punctuation, spelling, capitalization, referencing and usage that it deems appropriate. The author acknowledges that the article may be published so that it will be publicly accessible and such access will be free of charge for the readers.